Return on Invested Capital (ROIC)

Date created: Jul 13, 2021  •   Last updated: Feb 1, 2022

What is Return on Invested Capital?

Return on Invested Capital is a profitability metric used to measure return on capital investments. It is calculated by dividing Net Operating Profit After Tax (NOPAT) by invested capital.

Alternate names: Return on Capital

Return on Invested Capital Formula

ƒ Sum(NOPAT) / Sum(Invested Capital)

How to calculate Return on Invested Capital

At the end of the year, NOPAT is $3M and invested capital is $18M. In this case, ROIC at the end of the year is about 16.7%.

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What is a good Return on Invested Capital benchmark?

As a rule of thumb, ROIC should be greater than 2% in order to create value.

How to visualize Return on Invested Capital?

When tracking your ROIC data on a dashboard, it's optimal to visualize your data in a summary chart. This chart displays your ROIC as a current value which you can then compare to a previous time period.

Return on Invested Capital visualization example

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Return on Invested Capital

18%

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0.47

vs previous period

Summary Chart

Here's an example of how to visualize your current Return on Invested Capital data in comparison to a previous time period or date range.
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Return on Invested Capital

17.57%

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0.46

vs previous period

Summary Chart

Here's an example of how to visualize your current Return on Invested Capital data in comparison to a previous time period or date range.

More about Return on Invested Capital

Return on Invested Capital helps measure earnings per dollar capital that is invested in various investments and projects. This is a capital efficiency metric that tracks the current state of the company in terms of how well they are investing capital funds. It is calculated by dividing NOPAT by invested capital and is expressed as a percentage. To get a perspective of future returns on invested capital, track Return on Incremental Invested Capital instead.